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Refereed Articles

Young, P., Hossain, S., & Kariuki, D. (2024). Challenges in developing a systematic learning process to understanding computational thinking for early childhood educators: a culture-based study. In Sage Research Methods: Doing Research Online. SAGE Publications, Ltd.

Young, P. A. (2023). Culture as a gauge towards social justice. The Journal of Applied Instructional Design, 12(4). 

Young, P. A. and Asino, T.I., et al. (under review). "Exploring human needs and conditions through culture-based mobile platforms: A systematic & cultural review."


Young, Hossain & Kariuki (under review). Designing a Culture-based Computational Thinking Curriculum for Urban Early Childhood Educators.


Asino, T.I., Young, P., Spector, J.M., Tracey, M., Giacumo, L.A., Bass-Flimmons, E. (under revisions). Reflecting on our lived experiences of conducting research across national and cultural boundaries: What have we learned?. TechTrends.

Young, P.A., Serna, C., De La Vega, E., Charlton, L., & Casimir, M. (2020). Sojourners of truth: Five women’s stories of triumph, tribulation, and teaching in academia. Educational Studies, 56(5): 537-554.

Young, P. A., & Thomas, E. K. (2019). M³: Leroy Raadel Posey An African American Inventor of Mathematics Teaching Machine. Journal of African American Studies, 23(1-2), 18-33.


Bayeck, R. Y., Asino, T. I., & Young, P. A. (2018). Representations of Africans in popular video games in the U.S. Journal of Virtual Worlds Research, 11(2), 1-12. Retrieved March 28, 2019


Young, P. A. (2015). Contemplating the future of educational technology. Tech Trends, 59 (1), p. 20-24.

Young, P. A. (2014). Disclosing the design of an African American educational technology: Bridge: A Cross Culture Reading Program. International Journal of Designs for Learning, 5(2), 34-55. ePublication:

Young, P. A. (2011). The significance of the Culture Based Model in designing culturally-aware tutoring systems. Artificial Intelligence & Society, 26(1), 35-47.


Young, P. A. (2009). The Brownies’ Book: Exploring the past to elucidate the future of instructional design. Journal of Language Identity and Education, 8(1), 1-20.


Young, P. A. (Summer 2008). Instructional technologies designed by and for African Americans: An examination of several works. Western Journal of Black Studies, 32(2), 31-40.


Young, P. A. (2008). The Culture Based Model: Constructing a model of culture. Journal of Educational, Technology & Society, 11(2), 107-118.


Young, P. A. (2008). Integrating culture in the design of ICTs. British Journal of Educational Technology, 39(1), 6-17. [Winner of the Outstanding Journal Article Award, Design & Development Division, Association for Educational Communications & Technology]


Munoz, J. S., Jasis, R. O., Young, P. A., & McLaren, P. (2004). The hidden curriculum of domestication. The Urban Review, 36(3), 169-187.


Young, P. A. (2002). Empowering minority students through tech talk. Tech Trends, 46(2), 46-49.

Young, P. A. (2001). What's race got to do with it?: The dynamics of race relations in the Oakland teachers strike. Race, Ethnicity And Education, 4(2), 125-143.


Young, P. A. (2001). Roads to travel: A historical look at The Freedman's Torchlight--An African American contribution to 19th century instructional technologies. Journal of Black Studies, 31(5), 671-698.

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